12 Tips To Prevent Heart Failure

For the middle-aged and elderly people with cardiovascular disease, a little negligence is prone to heart failure. Relevant statistics show that the prevalence of heart failure in the elderly over 65 years old is as high as 4% ~ 6%.

12 tips to prevent heart failure

1. Active treatment of chronic diseases


Active treatment of chronic diseases, such as diabetes, chronic bronchitis, tuberculosis, chronic heart failure and so on. For long-term bedridden patients, they should often change their body position and pat their backs to discharge phlegm, so as to avoid accumulation pneumonia. At the same time, drugs should be used in strict accordance with the requirements of doctors. Do not change drugs or stop drugs on your own, so as to avoid serious consequences.

2. Prevent colds


Avoid severe cold stimulation, especially when the cold wave strikes, add clothes in time and pay attention to keeping warm. When going out, pay attention to the warmth of hands, head and face, and wear masks, gloves and hats. In case of fever, anemia, hyperthyroidism and other diseases, we must go to the hospital in time to achieve early detection, early diagnosis and early treatment.

3. Nutritional intake is crucial


Due to chest tightness, shortness of breath, dyspnea and loss of appetite, patients with pneumonia have poor tolerance to various infections. The body's resistance is closely related to nutrition. In the diet, we should choose low-fat foods with high protein and high carbohydrate, such as eating more fresh fish and lean meat, as well as vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin A and vitamin C, such as carrots, leeks, spinach, amaranth, green vegetables, thorn pears, fresh dates, monkey peaches, hawthorn, oranges, grapefruit, strawberries, etc. At the same time, we should also pay attention to controlling the intake of sodium salt.

4. Fresh air

Fresh air

Indoor ventilation should be frequent. When the weather is sunny, go outdoors to breathe fresh air and bask in the sun.

5. No smoking, no drinking


Do not smoke or drink alcohol, and try not to go to noisy and dirty public places.

6. Vaccination


Influenza vaccination and pneumonia vaccine can reduce the incidence rate of influenza and pneumonia. People over the age of 60, physically disabled children over 2 years old, children and adults with recurrent respiratory tract infections, chronic diseases such as heart disease, lung disease, kidney disease, liver disease, diabetes, malignant tumor, long-term hospitalization or lying in bed, disabled patients at home, alcoholics and so on. Pneumonia can be prevented by vaccination with pneumococcal vaccine and influenza vaccine.

Pneumonia vaccine was injected subcutaneously on the lateral side of the upper arm, only once, 0.5 ml. Two weeks after inoculation, the body can produce pneumococcal antibody and maintain it for more than 5 years.

7. Enhance cardiopulmonary function

Walking movement

Regular, continuous and rhythmic exercise is the most effective, including walking, yoga and other activities. Exercise intensity and time should be gradual. For example, walking can be carried out 3 ~ 5 times a week for 20 ~ 30 minutes each time to avoid long-term vigorous exercise.

8. Maintain a good attitude


Keep a good attitude, be happy without getting too excited, and try not to argue or get angry with others. Avoid ecstasy, rage, depression, sadness, fear and shock, don't be too tired, and try not to participate in stimulating activities.

9. Exercise properly


When patients with cardiovascular disease are in stable condition, they should choose suitable exercise methods under the guidance of doctors, such as walking, fast walking, jogging, etc. exercise should be carried out step by step and according to their ability. After exercise, they should feel comfortable and stick to it for a long time.

10. Replenish water

Replenish water

Pay attention to replenishing water. Drink 1500 ~ 2000 ml of water every day to dilute the blood and ensure smooth blood flow. If heart failure has occurred, limit the amount of drinking water to avoid excessive drinking water, increase blood volume and aggravate heart failure.

11. Pay attention to rest


Patients with cardiovascular disease must have a good rest, ensure that they sleep for 8 hours every night, do not do heavy physical work, and do not participate in more intense exercise.

12. In case of heart failure, treat it as soon as possible

Heart failure

Once patients with cardiovascular disease have progressive swelling of the ankle, easy fatigue after activity, or cough, shortness of breath and other symptoms similar to tracheitis or bronchial asthma, or mental abnormalities and other symptoms similar to psychosis or cerebrovascular disease, it is likely to be the early signal of heart failure. They should go to the hospital cardiology department in time for early diagnosis and treatment.

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